Bamboos are members of the grass family. These woody evergreen grasses range from temperate to tropical regions. There are two types of bamboos- running bamboos and clumping. Running bamboos produce new culms from lateral buds on the rhizome. Running bamboos can be contained by proper sitting or construction of barriers. Clumping bamboos produce shorter rhizomes similar to irises and thus these bamboos spread slowly and tightly in clump form.
Bamboo provides year-round interest in the garden with sound, movement, shadows, leaves and culm color. They prefer moist soil high in organic matter. It is always best to site bamboos where there is shelter from the drying wind. Bamboos can be used for screening, specimen planting, erosion control and ground cover. The adaptability and the variety of uses of bamboo make it a very useful and interesting plant in your garden.